Generation

Find here the data on electricity generation in France, presented either in aggregate or in detail by generation type: nuclear, conventional thermal, hydro, solar, wind and renewable thermal. The graphs illustrate in particular the emergence of new production sectors in the energy mix, with the development of solar, onshore wind and offshore wind power production capacities.

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Evolution of power generation in France

Last update: 17 July 2024 at 10:02
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        • Incomplete year
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        The graph represents the evolution of France's energy mix, with an annual and monthly view of electricity generation in France, overall and by technology.

        • The French energy mix is essentially made up of nuclear, hydroelectric and fossil-fired power plants, as well as renewable energies (wind power, photovoltaic solar power, biomass). 

         

        The data can be of various kinds:

        • Data from RTE meters and distribution network operators. In order to draw up global consumption or production balances, we need to have an aggregated view of all metering data on the transmission and distribution perimeters. These data are only available on the 15th of each month for the month just ended. Although updates are possible for at least 12 months, the consolidated data is very robust from the first date of availability. Provisional data, derived from telemetry set up by network operators at various points on the power grid, supplemented by estimates for non-telemetered production or consumption. Provisional data provide an initial overview, available very quickly after each deadline; they are not of the same quality as metering data (estimates taken into account, less accurate measurement than metering data, etc.). Graph elements based on provisional data are indicated by a specific pictogram on the portal.

        Electricity generation in 2023

        In 2023, electricity generation from all low-carbon sources (nuclear, hydro, wind and solar) rose sharply.

        The year 2023 was characterized by record production figures for both wind power (50.8 TWh) and solar power (21.6 TWh), which accounted for almost 15% of electricity production.
        Hydro-power generation (58.8 TWh), remaining the second-largest source of electricity, showed a marked upturn compared with 2022.
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        Evolution of installed electricity generation capacity

        Last update: 17 July 2024 at 10:02
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            This graph represents the evolution of the French energy mix, with a view to the evolution of installed generation capacity in France, overall and by technology.

            • France's installed electricity generation capacity is mainly made up of nuclear, hydroelectric and fossil-fired power plants, as well as renewable power plants (wind, solar photovoltaic, biomass).  French power production continues to change in 2022 and 2023, driven by the growth in renewable energy sources.  

             

             

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            Breakdown of main electricity generation facilities in France, excluding solar and wind power plants

            Last update: 17 July 2024 at 10:02
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                This map shows the distribution of the main electricity generation facilities in mainland France.

                The map shows the capacity of nuclear, hydro, fossil-fired and renewable power generation facilities, aggregated by municipality. Only facilities with a capacity greater than 50MW are included.

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                Distribution of solar and wind power generation facilities in France, by French department.

                Last update: 12 June 2024 at 09:35
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                    This map shows the distribution of wind and solar photovoltaic power generation facilities in mainland France, aggregated by French department.